Figuring PPS out
Protections against fire, explosions and toxic hazards Process and plant safety (PPS) is about protecting technical plants from incidents. This course seeks to train engineers on how to identify and rate hazards – it also entails training about defined methods of systematically protecting against these hazards. This training is relevant for a wide range of industrial plants; from a storage tank, to a chemical reactor or even a gas pipeline. Hazards may arise from the actual material, from the chemical reaction or from malfunctions caused my mishandling, wrong dosage, defective heaters, fires etc. Release of hazardous material comes with risk of fire or explosions with heat radiation or shockwaves or even toxicological hazards. What is the worst case scenario, what effects occur in this event? This is approximated within the scope of risk analysis.
PPS seeks to secure technical plants by preventing dangers posed by fires, explosions and toxicological dangers systematically.
Technical plants may only be operated only when they are safe – in any case, what is “safe”? Safety in Germany is defined subject to the state of the art technology. Experts define standards on how technical plants are to be secured based on experimental data and know-how. PPS also comes into play in deciding how the specifications in these standards are actually implemented in a specific technical plant.
PPS is dynamic in nature
The safety specifications of a plants are subject to change as fresh knowledge is brought on board.
The state of the art technology is also continually developed. Further improvement requires new knowledge which comes from research or from actual safety events.